Dubai International Airport terminal 3
Dubai has long established itself as a city where extreme architecture is the norm rather than the exception. From the soaring, sail-like form of the Burj Al Arab hotel to the super-tall Burj Dubai – the tallest building in the world – the city has constantly set new architectural benchmarks. The most recent addition to the list is Dubai International Airport Terminal 3, designed by Aéroports de Paris International (ADPi) for the Emirates airline operations. The concept design by French architect Paul Andreu reflects his bold, unconventional approach to the design of civic amenities. Andreu is renowned for the design of numerous international air terminals, including the Charles-de-Gaulle Airport in Paris, as well as his design of international icons such as the National Grand Theatre of China in Beijing, and the Oriental Art Centre in Shanghai.
As with many of these projects, the Terminal 3 concept design pushes the boundaries to present a building where the form and materials not only reflect the functionality within, but also create a dynamic, ever-changing facade. The play of light on the curved, sculptural forms and the relationship between the building and surrounding environment are integral design elements.
Andreu says working on an airport design invariably summons up a search for roots in the ground – attachment to a landscape and a resonance of forms in history. But it’s also about the discovery of a universal space that doesn’t resort to preconceived, hasty, convenient or trendy design solutions.
To this end, the concept design for Terminal 3 was both anchored to the ground, with its sculptural, tapered columns; and also elevated above it, to create the essential sense of weightlessness and transparency that defines much of Andreu’s work. While the vast arrivals and departures halls are located 20m underground, the above-ground forms appear to float above the landscape. Lounges are contained within a 1km-long cylindrical building that’s strongly reminiscent of aircraft forms – from the air intake of a jet engine to the aerodynamic curve of a wing or bulkhead, and the glimpse of blue sky beyond an extended wing flap.
The terminal design also mixes modernist forms with the rich cultural heritage of the UAE. A hotel within the terminal is effectively contained within a box within a tube, suspended above the lounges and enveloped by a vast curved walnut framework that echoes the shape of the building. However, much of the detailing in the lounges and the screens that divide seating areas incorporate Arabic patterns. In addition, natural greenery and water features help create the sense of a calm oasis in the midst of a bustling city.
The terminal, which exclusively accommodates the Emirates airline operations, covers nearly 1,000,000m² and features 220 check-in counters, 82 moving walkways, 97 escalators, 8 skytrains, 157 lifts and 90km of baggage belts. Dubai airport CEO Paul Griffiths describes the terminal as a ground-breaking design, being the first airport custom designed to process the giant Airbus A380 aircraft. The terminal accommodates 27 aircraft stands, 23 of which will eventually cater to the A380 aircraft. Split-level facilities provide separate boarding for first- and business-class passengers, directly from the premium lounges.
Griffiths says the terminal is essentially a small city – it has its own police force, fire service, shops and restaurants. There are also plans for a metro station and health club with gym, Jacuzzi and swimming pool. A second, larger concourse is also under construction. Terminal 3′s opening means the overall capacity of the airport has increased by 50% to more than 65 million passengers annually. Terminal 3, which had a staged handover, is expected to process 34 million people in its first year.
Location : Dubai International Airport, Expansion Phase ll, Terminal 3 (T3), Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Owner : Department of Civil Aviation, Dubai
Architect : Aéroports de Paris International (ADPi)
Consulting engineer and project management : Dar Al-Handasah and ADPi
Main contractor : Al Nadoodah Laing O’Rourke
External facade : Al Abbar Aluminium
Fit-out contractor : HMRT joint venture between Al Habtoor, Murray and Roberts and Takenaka Corporation
Lifts, passenger walkways and escalators : Thyssen Krupp
Baggage handling system : Siemens
MEP works : Thermo
by :- Iam Architect